India

In Tamil Nadu, cities dominate in ‘neat’ results

Rural, poor and state board students lag behind

A nine-member committee set up by the Tamil Nadu state government has concluded that the number of State Board of Education students studying in rural, poor and local languages ​​has declined sharply since the introduction of the NEET examination.

Tamil Nadu has recently passed a bill in the Assembly against the ‘Neat’ (National Eligibility and Entrance Test). There will now be admission to medical branches on the basis of 12th standard marks. Against that background, the government had set up a nine-member committee to study the results of the ‘Neat’ exam on admissions to medical disciplines.

Before ‘Neat’, 1.12 per cent students in government schools used to get admission for the first year of MBBS. After ‘Neat’, this proportion has come down to only 0.16 per cent. Since last year, the Tamil Nadu government has started giving 7.5 per cent reservation for students in government schools. The participation of students in English medium schools has also increased from 85.12 per cent to 98.01 per cent.

On the other hand, the percentage of students participating in Tamil medium schools has dropped significantly. Four years ago, 14.88 per cent Tamil medium students were admitted to medical colleges. It has come down drastically and now only 1.99 per cent students are participating. The proportion of students with an annual family income of less than Rs 2.5 lakh has declined from 47.42 per cent in 2016-17 to 41.05 per cent in 2020-21. The proportion of those with an annual family income of more than Rs 2.5 lakh increased from 52.11 per cent to 58.95 per cent during the period.

According to the committee, students of CBSE affiliated schools have benefited more than students of state boards. Before ‘Neat’, 98.23 per cent students enrolled in medical colleges were from state board schools and less than one per cent were from CBSE affiliated schools. Now the number of CBSE students is 38.84 per cent, while the number of students in state board schools is 59.41 per cent. The committee said the gap was widening as the ‘Neat’ exam was mainly based on the CBSE syllabus.

What is the reduction? पासून From the year 2017-18, proper examination was started for the admissions of medical branch. 61.45 per cent students from rural areas were eligible before the ‘Neat’ examination started. However, after ‘Neat’, the number has come down and only 50.81 per cent students are eligible, the committee observed. The participation of students in government schools was low even before ‘Neat’ started. But now that number has dropped even further.

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