India

new scorpion species discovered in tamil nadu zws 70 | Discovery of a new species of scorpion from Tamil Nadu

Nagpur : Five young researchers from Maharashtra have succeeded in discovering a new species of wasp from Tamil Nadu. Researchers include Akshay Khandekar, Tejas Thackeray, Swapnil Pawar, Satpal Gangalamale and Vivek Waghe. The newly discovered species belongs to the genus Chiromachets of the genus Hormuridi. The genus Chiromachets is endemic to the Indian peninsula, with up to five known species. Now the number has risen to six due to newly discovered species.

Three of the five species were in Maharashtra, one in Kerala and one in Andhra Pradesh. This is the first record of the species ‘Chiromachetus’ in Tamil Nadu. This species was found in April 2021 at an altitude of 900 to 1150 m above sea level near Agastyamalai peak in Tirunelveli district. After about a year of research on the specimens of this species, it was found that this species is different from any of the previously known species and then a research paper was presented. The paper was published in the June 22 issue of Euscorpius, an international research journal by Marshall University in the United States. As the scorpion was found near the summit of Agastyamalai, it has been named as ‘Chiromachets agastyamalansis’.

Where found?

This species differs from other species in its genus with many other characteristics including color, ratio of length and width of different parts of the stalk, number of pectinal teeth. The new species is nocturnal like other scorpions and is found in large rocks and cliffs of evergreen forests in the Agastyamalai hills.

The Western Ghats are rich in biodiversity and a large body of researchers has been working on it for the last several decades, but there is still a great need for environmental research in the Western Ghats and in India as many species are still being discovered. – Akshay Khandekar, Researcher, Thackeray Wildlife Foundation.

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